- CAC: A Brief Historical Perspective
In 2009, the National Parliament approved the law on the Anti-Corruption Commission (Comissão Anti-Corrupção – CAC). This gesture demonstrated the seriousness of the government in combating corruption in Timor-Leste. Following the enactment of CAC’s law, the National Parliament elected Mr. Adérito de Jesus Soares on 22 February 2010 as Commissioner. Commissioner Adérito wasted no time in getting to work. In March 2010, he appointed his two deputies: Mr. Manuel Countinho-Bucar – Deputy Commissioner for Prevention; and Mr. José Neves – Deputy Commissioner for Education, Campaign and Research. By December 2010, CAC had recruited staff to functional capacity.
At present CAC consists of the directorates of Investigation; Prevention; Education, Campaign and Research and Executive Secretary who is in charge of corporate matters (see CAC’s structure). In early February 2011, CAC began vigorous investigations into suspected and alleged cases of corruption; in addition to ongoing programs of prevention, education and outreach. The Commission has also reached out to various districts of Timor – Leste with the aim of involving all Timorese in the fight against corruption. Many committed staff at CAC have undergone some training in various disciplines including administration, IT, investigations, and language training both in Timor-Leste and overseas, in Hong Kong, Bangkok, Australia and Malaysia.
Aderito Antonio Pinto Tilman
Mr. Tilman was born on 9 December 1973 in Bobonaro. He graduated with a law degree from the Diponegoro (UNDIP) State University in Semarang, Indonesia, in 1999.
Following the restoration of independence, in 2000, he was appointed by former UNTAET Administrator, the late Sergio Vieira de Mello, as a judge of the Dili District Court, serving for nearly six years. In 2006-2011, he was appointed as the Chief Prosecutor for the Dili District, before relocating to the Baucau District to serve in the same role. While working in Dili, Mr Tilman also lectured in law at the Dili University (UNDIL) and UNPAZ, and acted as a member of the Board of PNTL Assessment.
He also completed training in 2004 as a judicial magistrate at the Judiciary Training Centre in Lisbon, Portugal, and in 2005 carried out further judiciary training in Dili.
Commissioner Tilman has participated in many overseas conferences on issues at the centre of CAC’s work, travelling to countries including India, China and South Korea. Conference topics have covered money laundering, financial criminal investigative methods, criminal corruption and public procurement.
As a former judge and prosecutor, Mr. Adérito Tilman is the ideal person to take the commission forward into its second mandate, and continue its important fight against corruption.
Mr. Manuel Countinho Bucar Corte-Real
Deputy Commissioner for Prevention
Mr. Manuel Coutinho Bucar Corte-Real is a respected Timorese academic. He was the dean of Faculty of Economic at the National University of Timor-Leste (UNTL) from 2001 to 2006. Mr. Bucar was also the Inspectorate General for the Timor-Leste Government from 2006 to 2007 as well as a former commissioner for the National Electoral Commission for the Chefi Suco election in 2006. During the Indonesian period Mr. Bucar was the Head of the Economic and Development Planning Commission of Ainaro District from 1996 to 1999. Mr. Bucar obtained an undergraduate degree in economics and development study from Udayana University in Bali, Indonesia in 1993; and a master degree in economics, marketing and public policy from the School of Economic and Management, Universidade do Minho, Braga Portugal in October 2009. Mr. Bucar has participated in various international conferences such as the comparative study with ‘the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau Singapore’ from 16-21 of July 2007; regional workshop on ‘Integrity in Action: Establishing a Community of Practice’ in Phnom Penh, Cambodia from 24-26 of January 2006 and other international forums.
Mr. José António de Jesus das Neves
Deputy Commissioner for Education, Campaign and Research
Mr. Neves was a longtime youth movement activist since the Indonesian period up to now. As the consequence of his clandestine activities, he was sent to jail by the Indonesian authority in Malang, East Java for almost three and half years from 1994 to 1997. Mr. Neves obtained a degree in Philosophy from Theological Philosophy College in Malang, East Java Indonesia and a master degree in Education and Development from the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK in 2003. He was also a recipient of Australian Leadership Award in Melbourne in 2007 as well as a recipient of British Chevening Fellows for the course on ‘What makes democracy work’ at the University of Birmingham from January to April 2009. Since the referendum Mr. Neves has worked for both national and international organizations. In 2001 Mr. Neves worked for the UNDP as the national consultant for the civic education project; He was also the Project manager of Leadership Capacity Building for Economic Development Project of the World Bank from 2004 to 2007; He assisted to write CAVRs’ report on arrest and detention chapter from May to June 2004. He was a senior policy adviser to the Secretariat of State for Youth and Sport before joining CAC. Mr. Neves has participated in various national and international forums on democracy, governance and education issue.